The Gold Museum holds a collection of articles, photographs and medals of World War I veteran, Horace Martyr.
Private Horace Clyde Martyr, known as Horry by family and friends, was born in Richmond, Victoria in 1895.
When the First World War began in 1914, a 19 year-old Horace enlisted in Melbourne for the Australian Infantry Forces (AIF) where he was assigned to the 8th Battalion.
Horace was awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal (Commonwealth) and the Croix de Guerre (The French equivalent to the Victorian Cross) as a result of his actions on Anzac Cove. He became one of the first decorated soldiers from the Gallipoli landing.
During both World Wars and the years that proceeded, Horace was awarded another 12 medals for his conduct and service in countless battles for his country. These included the Commonwealth Distinguished Conduct Medal, for gallantry at Anzac Cove where he was wounded along Shrapnel Gully while carrying a fellow wounded soldier to safety. Before they reached the shelter of a trench, Horace was shot in the back himself. The two men spent in the trench as it rained before they were transported to Egypt for urgent medical care.
He was awarded the Croix de Guerre, the Star Gallipoli Medal, the British Service Medal, the Victory Medal 1914-18, the Star Medal 1939-45, the Pacific Star, the Defense Medal 1939-45, Service Medal 1939-45, Australian Service Medal 1939-45, Coronation of George V Medal and the Efficient Service Medal. Horace later received two rosettes for 12 years’ service.
Horace came from a family of soldiers. One of his forbearers was also involved in warfare; Major General James Martyr was in the 1st Dragoon Guards and the aide-de-camp to Queen Victoria. He is also the nephew of Richard Beswick Martyr, of Argyle, and Mrs Alex Heiden, of Marylands. When he returned to Australia, he became an advertising agent in Spencer Street Melbourne.
In 1928, Horace was in court facing fraud charges, on four counts of obtaining money on false pretence. He was found not guilty on all counts.
Horace passed away 6 September 1986 at the age of 91. His gravestone can be found at the Frankston Cemetery.
He was survived by his wife Peggy and children Joe, Eileen, Alice, Helen and Phil Jnr.
Written by Danni Roberts, history student at Federation University.